FREE RADICALS: What they are and how they damage the human body
Posted by Water Ionizer Expert on June 13, 2011 0 Comments
ANTI-OXIDANTS relationship to alkalization-acidic (pH balance) and free radical destruction
Free radicals are destructive organic molecules responsible for aging, tissue damage and degenerative disease. Being highly unstable, free radicals have to bond with other molecules, thus damaging these other molecules as life is literally leached out of them. Anti-oxidants are protective molecules that prevent free radicals from harming (sucking the life out of) healthy tissue.
Unstable molecules (free radicals) not having an even number of electrons, continuously “seek out” extra electrons that they can “steal” to help stabilize themselves. In the human body, this process of free radicals robbing “the life” from your cells results in untold damage.
Free radicals are labeled “free” because they float around (freely) until becoming stabilized by bonding with other molecules. The “radical” term applies to the wide variety of molecules from which they can steal an electron. However, the damage doesn t end here, as the new molecule formed from (as an example: a piece of a cell wall) thus deprived of its electron becomes another free radical. This “snowball effect” wreaks havoc on healthy tissue and begins the degradation that destroys immune systems.
Anti-oxidants are the antidote to voracious electrons feeding the free radicals. Anti-oxidants generated by ionized alkaline water act like giant boulders blocking the oncoming snowballs – stopping the free radicals from causing untold damage. Due to the ionizer alkalization, tap water molecules are micro-clustered (reduced to half-size) in order to more easily and efficiently penetrate the body’s cellular structure. And the faster anti-oxidants are absorbed into the body, the more effectively they work.
Some degenerative processes caused by free radicals may be inevitable (such as aging) but others can be prevented (DNA destruction, arteries being clogged).
Free radicals are caused by the body s absorption of environmental pollutants, heavy metals, fertilizer and acid rain run-off, tobacco smoking-chewing and other toxic substances. Free radicals play a significant role in the generation of cancer, strokes and heart disease (to mention but a few of their negative aspects).
Oxidation occurs when O2 (oxygen gas) or free radicals remove electrons (or protons) from bio-molecules one-after-another, which attack the immune system and encourage the onset of illness.
This simple example illustrates the delicate configuration of individual water molecules that enables them to break relatively stronger bonds by converging on them. This is why water is called “the universal solvent” a natural solution that breaks the bonds of larger, more complex molecules. This is the chemistry of life on earth, in water and on land.
Basically, reduction means the addition of an electron (e-), and its converse, oxidation means the removal of an electron. The addition of an electron, reduction, stores energy in the reduced compound. The removal of an electron, oxidation, liberates energy from the oxidized compound. Whenever one substance is reduced, another is oxidized.
To clarify this, consider any two molecules – A and B. When molecules A and B come into contact, here is what happens:
- B grabs an electron from molecule A.
- Molecule A has been oxidized because it has lost an electron.
- The net charge of B has been reduced because it has gained a negative electron (e-).
In biological systems, removal or addition of an electron constitutes the most frequent mechanism of oxidation-reduction reactions.
Acids and Bases
An acid is a substance that increases the concentration of hydrogen ions (H+) in water. A base is a substance that decreases concentration of hydrogen ions (i.e. increasing concentration of hydroxide ions OH-).
The degree of acidity or alkalinity of a solution is measured in terms of a value known as pH, which is the negative logarithm of the concentration of hydrogen ions:
pH = 1/log[H+] = -log[H+]
What is pH?
On the pH scale, the ranges of acid-alkaline balance are:
0 on the acidic end to
14 on the alkaline end
A solution is neutral when it is pH 7.
At pH 7, water contains equal concentrations of H+ and OH- ions.
Substances less than pH 7 are acidic because they contain a higher concentration of H+ ions.
Substances higher than pH 7 are alkaline because they contain a higher concentration of OH- than H+.
The importance of balancing pH
Living things are extremely sensitive to pH and generally function at optimum levels when nearly neutral. There are certain exceptions, such as portions of the digestive tract.
Most interior living matter (excluding cell nucleus) has a 6.8 pH.
Blood plasma and other fluids that surround the cells in the body have a pH of 7.2 to 7.3.
Special mechanisms (buffers) help stabilize fluids so cells do not suffer appreciable pH fluctuations. Buffers bond ions and remove them from solution whenever their concentration begins to rise.
Conversely, buffers release ions when their concentration starts falling. This is an important function because many biochemical reactions in living organisms either “release” or “use-up” ions.
OXYGEN is TOO MUCH of a good thing – WHY illness begins
Oxygen is essential to survival. It is relatively stable in the air but when too much is absorbed into the body, it becomes active, unstable and has a tendency to attach itself to any biological molecule, including molecules of healthy cells.
The chemical activity of these free radicals is due to one or more pairs of unpaired electrons.
About 2% of the oxygen we breathe becomes active oxygen –increasing to 20% during aerobic exercise.
FREE RADICALS with unpaired electrons are unstable as well as having high oxidation potential. Meaning: they are capable of stealing electrons from other cells.
This chemical mechanism is useful in disinfectants (hydrogen peroxide and ozone) used to sterilize wounds and medical instruments. Inside the body these free radicals are of great benefit due to their ability to attack and eliminate bacteria, viruses and other waste products.
Active Oxygen in the body
Problems arise, however, when too many of these free radicals are loose in the body where they damage normal tissue.
Putrefaction starts as microbes in the air invade proteins, peptides and amino acids (eggs, fish, meat) resulting in many unpleasant substances:
- Hydrogen sulfide
These substances are naturally produced in the digestive tract as food is digested. Food spoiled (putrefaction) from microbes in the air is duplicated in the digestive tract by intestinal microbes. All such digestive wastes are pathogenic. Meaning: they cause disease in the body.
Hydrogen sulfide and ammonia are liver damaging tissue toxins.
Histamines contribute to allergic disorders such as dermatitis, hives and asthma. Indoles and phenols are considered carcinogenic.
Because all the waste products mentioned above are toxic and produce active oxygen, the body tries eliminating them by releasing white corpuscles. Problems arise as too many active oxygen molecules (FREE radicals) are produced in the body. They are extremely reactive and attach themselves to healthy cells, thus damaging them genetically. This electron “theft” created by active oxygen oxidizes tissue – and causes disease.
Anti-oxidants block dangerous oxidation
One way to protect healthy tissue from the ravages of oxidation caused by active oxygen is to provide free electrons to active oxygen radicals, thus neutralizing their high oxidation potential and preventing them from reacting with healthy tissue.
Much of the damage caused by carcinogenic substances in food comes from an oxidation reaction in the cell. In this process, an oddball oxygen molecule may damage the cell s genetic code. Researchers believe substances preventing oxidation (ANTI-OXIDANTS) block the damage.
The intake of natural anti-oxidants is vital to the body s defense against cancer.
Water treated by electrolysis has increased reduction potential – and the ANTI-OXIDANTS produced by electrolysis is the best solution to the problem of providing a safe source of free electrons to block the oxidation of normal tissue by free oxygen radicals.
Ionized alkaline water (or reduced water) with an excess of free electrons to donate to active oxygen is the best solution because:
- The reduction potential of water can be dramatically increased over other antioxidants in food or vitamin supplements.
- The molecule weight of reduced water is low, making it fast acting and able to reach all tissues of the body in a very short time.
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